Thursday, April 4th – 20h : La lanterne magique, Beaune
Liza Ferschtman, Enrico Pace, Sung-Won Yang, Quatuor Ardeo

Schubert, Sonate pour violon et piano en La Majeur D. 574 

Liza Ferschtman, violin
Enrico Pace, piano

Franz Schubert made some momentous decisions prior to composing his fourth and final violin sonata in August 1817. He decided not to return to teaching at his father’s school and he left the family home to move in with his friend, poet and future librettist, Franz von Schober. Originally entitled sonata for piano and violin – the order of instruments is telling – D. 574 represents a grander ambition and requires greater virtuosity than his previous ‘sonatinas’, as was reflected in Diabelli’s decision to posthumously publish it as ‘Grand Duo’ for violin and piano.

The Sonata for violin and piano in A major D. 574, begins in conventional fashion with a sonata-form Allegro moderato. However, Schubert replaces the expected minuet with a fiery Scherzo: presto which flies through far-flung harmonies, before sidling into a central Trio. The Andantino begins with a beguiling melody interrupted by dramatic outbursts. The finale, an Allegro vivace travels through three keys rather than the conventional two in its exposition; something that becomes a fingerprint of Schubert’s sonata forms. In 1825, Schubert adapted its second subject as a dance, his Cotillon in E flat major, D. 976.


Beethoven, Trio pour Piano, Violon, et Violoncelle en Ré Majeur Op. 70 No. 1 ‘Les Esprits’

Enrico Pace, piano
Liza Ferschtman, violin
Sung-Won Yang, cello

In 1808, Ludwig van Beethoven was considering writing an opera after Macbeth. Amid the abandoned sketches for that work are ideas for what became the slow movement of his Piano Trio, Op. 70 no. 1, completed the following year. Carl Czerny later made a connection between the Largo assai ed espressivo and another Shakespeare play, hearing in its tremolandi and chromaticisms an evocation of the scene where Hamlet meets his father’s ghost. Hence the nickname of a piano trio written during a summer spent at Countess Marie von Erdödy’s estate in Heiligenstadt.

The outer movements of Op. 70 no. 1 have a brighter outlook than the trio’s spectral centre. The unison opening of the Allegro vivace e con brio breaks off unexpectedly, the cello introducing a theme that, in an 1813 review, E.T.A. Hoffmann described the second theme as ‘expressing a genial serenity, a cheerful, confident awareness of its own strength and substance.’ The fluctuating moods of the final Presto rondo continue to explore unusual harmonies, continuing the playfully questioning of the first movement, before ending with an exuberant coda.




L. Janáček, 2ème Quatuor à Cordes “Lettre Intime”

Quatuor Ardeo

In 1923, the Bohemian Quartet asked Janáček to compose two works for them. The first, known as the ‘Kreutzer Sonata’ after Leo Tolstoy’s novella, was completed quite quickly and given its premiere on 17 October 1924. The second took longer and was eventually performed by the Moravian Quartet on 11 September 1928, weeks after Janáček’s death.

The composer had met Kamila Stösslová in 1917 and immediately became besotted. She was forty years his junior and married with children, but this did not stop the composer sending her more than 650 letters. Their first kiss, on 19 August 1927, apparently inspired the quartet, originally entitled ‘Love Letters’. While Janáček devised a programme for the piece it was not included in the published score and the title was changed to the less provocative Listy důvěrné  (‘Intimate Letters’). Of course this has not stopped critics and scholars speculating about how dialogues between the instruments of the quartet – their contrasting themes and harmonies – might reflect the different stages of their relationship: from first hope to final joy.


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Friday, April 5th – 20h : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Sung-Won Yang, Enrico Pace, Frank Braley, Han Kim, Quatuor Ardeo

Janáček, Pohádka, a tale for cello and piano

Sung-Won Yang, cello
Enrico Pace, piano

“Pohádka” (“A Tale”) is a captivating piece for cello and piano composed by the Czech composer Leoš Janáček. Written in 1910, the work is inspired by the Russian fairy tales of Vasily Zhukovsky. It consists of three movements, each depicting a different fairy tale character or scene. The piece is characterized by its lyrical melodies, folk-inspired rhythms, and rich harmonic language, showcasing Janáček’s distinctive musical voice. “Pohádka” is a beautiful and evocative work that transports the listener to a world of enchantment and wonder, for cello and piano.

  • Con moto – andante
  • Con moto – adagio
  • Allegro


Brahms, Trio pour piano, clarinette et violoncelle en La mineur Op. 114

Frank Braley, piano
Han Kim, clarinet
Sung-Won Yang, cello

Brahms first heard the clarinettist Richard Mühlfeld while visiting Meiningen in March 1891. So taken was he with Mühlfeld’s beautiful, vibrato-rich playing in Mozart’s Clarinet Quintet and various orchestral works he retracted his declaration to have stopped composing and produced a Clarinet Trio and Clarinet Quintet (Clarinet Sonatas followed a few years later). Both Trio and Quintet were performed privately in Meiningen on 24 November 1891, with Brahms at the piano and Joseph Joachim’s quartet; the first public took place in Berlin on 12 December.

Brahms apparently preferred the more enigmatic Trio to the popular Quintet.  The first movement pulls between its opening lyrical melody, introduced by cello and clarinet, and most tempestuous figuration. The harmonies constantly turn away from major to minor until the end of the movement which alights on A major, leading to the D major of the fulsome Adagio. While the third movement might be a scherzo it is gentle in tone and tempo, marked Andantino grazioso. The minor mode returns, inescapably, in the final Allegro.




Dvorák, Quintette No. 2 pour piano et quatuor à cordes en La Majeur Op. 81

Frank Braley, piano
Quatuor Ardeo

Chamber music was central to Antonín Dvořák’s output, from his first compositions in the 1860s to the end of his career, perhaps reflecting that he was a viola player. One of the only breaks in production was in the mid-1880s, when he concentrated for a few years on commissions for Brahms’s publisher, Simrock. After that he composed some small-scale character works – a Terzetto, Drobnosti (Miniatures), and an arrangement of part of his song cycle Cypresses for string quartet as Echo of Songs. But then, he composed one of his most celebrated works, the second piano quintet in A major, op. 81, first performed in Prague on 6 January 1888. The four movements demonstrate the melodic beauty, rhythmic vitality, and formal clarity of Dvořák’s mature style: from the leisurely theme that starts the Allegro, ma non tanto, to the characteristically ‘furiant’ Scherzo; through to the contrapuntal elan of the finale. The second movement, ‘Dumka’, predates Dvořák’s Piano Trio op.90 the ‘Dumky’ by two years. The composer was particularly associated with this Slavonic genre typically featuring a slow and melancholy melody with contrasting sections that owe something to folk music.


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Saturday, April 6th – 20h : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Quatuor Ardeo, Han Kim, Frank Braley, Liza Ferschtman, Yuko Hara, Sung-Won Yang, Enrico Pace

Mozart, Quintette avec clarinette et quatuor à cordes en La Majeur K. 581

Quatuor Ardeo
Han Kim, clarinet

Clarinettist Anton Stadler performed a number of Mozart’s pieces: he included the Wind Serenade in his own benefit concert in 1784, and played in the premieres of the masonic Maurerische Trauermusik and the Kegelstatt Trio in 1786 before giving the first performance of Mozart’s Clarinet Quintet at a concert of the Tonkünstler-Societät in Vienna on 22 December 1789. While Mozart could find Stadler’s personality trying, he continued to admire his playing, subsequently composing for him the Clarinet Concerto (1791) and a prominent part in arias from the opera La clemenza di Tito (1791).

Of all the works Mozart composed for Stadler, probably only the Quintet was intended for his new type of clarinet, which had more chromatic keys and an extended lower range. Mozart explores this in the clarinet’s fast-moving figuration of the first movement. The strings are muted in the Larghetto, providing a gentle undulating accompaniment to the clarinet’s soulful melody before a dialogue begins with the violin. The Minuet features two trios, the first for string quartet alone and in a minor key; in the second the clarinet returns, as does the major mode. The final movement is a set of theme and variations, which allows individual members of the ensemble to shine – including the viola in the third variation, the only one which moves to the minor. Brief respite is found in the soaring melodies and filigree of the Adagio section before the main theme returns in a lively coda.


Beethoven, Sonate pour piano No. 14 en do dièse mineur Op. 27 No. 2 ‘Clair de Lune’

Frank Braley, piano

Sonata quasi una fantasia. Beethoven’s description of his fourteenth piano sonata, composed in 1801, signals its improvisatory qualities. From its famous opening onwards it is apparent that classical conventions are being discarded in favour of something in a more romantic spirit. The opening Adagio sostenuto is in sonata form, as might be expected, but meditates on the unusual C-sharp minor tonality and the sound qualities of the keyboard instrument, with Beethoven instructing that the opening should be played throughout with the utmost delicacy and without dampers (Si deve suonare tutto questo pezzo delicatissimamente e sense sordino). The Allegretto moves to the major, with off-kilter rhythms and accents. The finale, Presto agitato, in scale, verve, and virtuosity, is full of Beethovenian tempest.

The nascent romanticism of Beethoven’s music is enhanced by its history. He dedicated the Sonata to his piano student – probably onetime love interest, later good friend – the Countess Giulietta Guicciardi. The nickname for this sonata, ‘Moonlight’, gained currency relatively quickly, becoming a common reference point from the 1830s onwards. Its source was probably fictional: Theodor: eine musikalische Skizze, by German poet and critic Ludwig Rellstab published in the Berliner allgemeiner musikalische Zeitung in 1824 (a journal Beethoven would have known). One musician character describes Op. 27 no. 2 as follows: ‘The lake reposes in twilit moon-shimmer (in dämmerndem Mondenschimmer), muffled waves strike the dark shore; gloomy wooded mountains rise and close off the holy place from the world; ghostly swans glide with whispering rustles on the tide, and an Aeolian harp sends down mysterious tones of lovelorn yearning from the ruins’.




Brahms Quatuor avec piano No. 1 en Sol mineur Op. 25 

Liza Ferschtman, violin
Yuko Hara, alto
Sung-Won Yang, cello
Enrico Pace, piano

On his first visit to Vienna in autumn 1862 Johannes Brahms, armed with introductions from Clara Schumann and other musician friends, impressed audiences with performances of his Handel Variations op. 24 and his grandly conceived G-minor Piano Quartet op. 25. The opening movement of op. 25 explores a wide range of melodic ideas and harmonic areas in an expanded sonata form. The traditional scherzo or minuet is replaced by an Intermezzo, which begins with an urgent, swaying theme in C minor played by muted strings. Both this movement and the following slow movement use contrast to great effect: particular lyrical or rhythmic ideas characterise each section, their differences highlighted by changes of key.

In the Rondo-finale “alla Zingarese” Brahms introduces the style hongrois. Evocations of Hungarian “gypsy” music had long been popular among classical composers: from the comfort of urban centres such as Vienna, folkish strains, with their associated social and musical liberties, seemed scintillatingly exotic. The rondo theme of op. 25’s finale is characterised by foot-stomping rhythms, melodic embellishments, dynamic accents, and spread chords and repeated notes in the bassline, all of which conveys a dance-band-like energy. The irregular phrases make the melody plunge into its next iteration without pausing for breath. This theme is interspersed with contrasting sections, with include a slower, offbeat, rather proud melody in G major, a lugubrious melody for strings with a touch of the café band, and a virtuoso cadenza for the piano that careers into the wildly foreign key of F-sharp minor. There is even a glance towards a fugue – Brahms, perhaps, nodding to the legacy of Bach and Beethoven – but this quickly dissipates into the final, triumphant return of the main theme.


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Sunday, April 7th – 16h30 : Salle St Nicolas, Hospices de Beaune
Enrico Pace, Sung-Won Yang, Liza Ferschtman, Han Kim

Bach – Busoni, Chorale Préludes

  • Viens maintenant, Sauveur des païens BWV 659
  • Réveillez-vous, le veilleur nous appelle BWV 645
  • Je crie vers toi, Seigneur BWV 639

Bach – Siloti

  • Prélude en Si mineur BWV 855a du Clavier bien tempéré
  • Sicilienne de la sonata pour flute et clavier BWV 1031

Bach – Myra Hess

  • Jésus, que ma joie demeure BWV 147

Enrico Pace, piano

‘The absolutely modern does not exist’, wrote Ferrucio Busoni in 1907: ‘only that which arises at an earlier or later moment of time … “Modern” and “old” have always existed’. Busoni’s ten Chorale Preludes (1907-1909) attest to the special and life-long respect he accorded the music of J.S. Bach. Bach’s Eighteen Chorale Preludes themselves proved that ‘“Modern” and “old” have always existed’: in them, sixteenth-century chorale tunes by Martin Luther are transformed into fugues and inventions, Bach simultaneously paying homage to earlier composers such as Buxtehude and Pachelbel as well as to contemporary trends such as the Italian concerto. In his reworking of the Bach, Busoni undertook a similar process of melding history with the present: according to Erinn E. Knyt, he aimed to ‘recreate the powerful sound of pipe organs in reverberant cathedrals on the piano’.

Other early twentieth-century musicians were also keen to introduce audiences to Bach. In the era before ‘historically-informed performance’ that meant adapting his keyboard works for the modern piano. Ukrainian-born Alexander Siloti studied and then taught at the Moscow Conservatoire. He was an internationally renowned conductor, an editor, and pianist, who fled Russia in 1917, eventually living and teaching in New York City. His transcriptions of Bach were acclaimed during his lifetime – especially the Prelude in B minor. British pianist Myra Hess’s 1926 arrangement of ‘Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring’, the chorale from Bach’s 1723 Advent cantata, Herz und Mund und Tat BWV 147, was similarly celebrated. She played it often on her tours of Europe and the USA. These transcriptions, as always, reveal as much or even more about how they are heard and played by their arranger as they do about Bach.


Beethoven, Sonate pour violoncelle et piano No. 4 en Do Majeur Op. 102 No. 1

Sung-Won Yang, cello
Enrico Pace, piano

Beethoven enjoyed the greatest financial success of his career during the Congress of Vienna in 1814. Several of his works were performed as part of the entertainments laid on for the diplomats and dignitaries determining the future of Europe after the capture of Napoleon. On New Year’s Eve, the Russian ambassador Count Razumovsky’s palace was burnt to the ground: not only did the Count lose a priceless art collection, he disbanded his house quartet. Its cellist, Joseph Linke, retreated to Countess Erdődy’s estate in the village of Jedlesee. Beethoven composed the two Cello Sonatas op. 102 for his old friend Linke, who gave the first performance at the hotel Römischer Kaiser, with Carl Czerny at the piano, on 18 February 1816.

Op. 102 no. 1 originally had the unusual title of ‘Free Sonata’. It consists of two movements: the first begins with an Andante that does not quite seem like an introduction; more a meditation on an idea. The contemplative mood is broken by the rumbustious Allegro vivace. The second movement is in three parts: tension builds through an Adagio introduction but dissipates with the introduction of the beatific Tempo d’andante. A questioning four-note motif becomes the theme of the final Allegro vivace, cello and piano chasing and challenging each other, until then join together in the jubilant last bars.




Messiaen, Quatuor pour la fin du Temps

Liza Ferschtman, violin
Han Kim, clarinet
Sung-Won Yang, cello
Enrico Pace, piano

Olivier Messiaen said that among his few consolations during his time as a prisoner of war were pocket scores of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos and Alban Berg’s Lyric Suite. An officer also gave him music paper, pencils and erasers, which enabled him to continue composing. Messiaen wrote for the other musicians in the camp: cellist Étienne Pasquier, clarinettist Henri Akoka and violinist Jean le Boulaire. The instruments they played might have lacked strings and been out-of-tune, but the prison guards encouraged them to practice every evening. The first performance took place on 15 January 1941, in front of 5000 prisoners from all walks of life.

Messiaen claimed to have begun with the ‘Intermède’ that became the fourth of the eight movements of the Quatuor pour la fin du Temps. He also reused music he had composed for organ or ondes Martinots for the third, fifth and eighth movements. It seems likely that the opening ‘Liturgie de cristal’ was finished last. The full ensemble only plays in the first, second, sixth and seventh movements of the Quatuor pour la fin du Temps; otherwise instruments play in different combinations or alone. Birdsong is featured throughout, clarinet and violin imitating nightingales and blackbirds. Messiaen continued to draw on his interest in plainsong, Indian, and Russian music to explore modes, repeated pitch and chord sequences, and extended rhythmic patterns. Energetic fury in the loud, unison writing of ‘Danse de la fureur, pour les sept trompettes’), precedes the Angel who announces the end of time (‘Fouillis d’arcs-en-ciel, pour l’Ange qui annonce la fin du Temps’). The central, fifth movement for solo cello was entitled ‘Louange à l’Éternité de Jésus’. Its pendant, ‘Louange à l’Immortalité de Jésus’, is a violin solo, marked to be played extrément lent, which draws the quartet to an ecstatic close.

Messiaen quotes from the Book of Revelation in his preface to Quatuor pour la fin du temps, inscribing on the score: ‘in homage to the Angel of the Apocalypse, who raises a hand towards Heaven saying: “There shall be time no longer”’. Messiaen explained to the first audience that ‘this quartet was written for the end of time, not as a play on words about the time of captivity, but for the ending of concepts of past and future: that is, for the beginning of eternity’. Decades later, the composer remembered that he had ‘never … been listened to with such consideration and understanding’.


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Thursday, April 20th – 20:00 : Salle St Nicolas Des Hospices
Christophe Coin, Bertrand Cuiller

Christophe Coin, violoncelliste
Bertrand Cuiller, claveciniste


  • Sonate pour viole de gambe et clavecin BWV 1027 en sol majeur
  • Toccata pour clavecin BWV 912 en ré majeur
  • Sonate pour viole de gambe et clavecin BWV 1028 en ré majeur
  • Suite No. 2 pour Violoncelle Seul BWV 1008
  • Sonate pour viole de gambe et clavecin BWV 1029 en sol mineur


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Friday, April 21st – 20:00 : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Momo Kodama, Sunhae Im

Momo Kodama, piano
Sunhae Im, soprano


Sonate en ré majeur KV 576 pour Piano

(Momo Kodama)

Lieder :

  • An Chloë
  • Das Lied der Trennung K.519
  • Sehnsucht nach Frühling K.596
  • Das Veilchen K.476
  • Abendempfidung an Laura K.523 

(SunHae Im, Soprano – Momo Kodama, Piano)


Sonate en si bémol majeur KV 333

Arie :

  • “Giunse al fin.. Deh vieni non tardar” from “Le nozze di Figaro”
  • “Una donna a quindici anni” from “Così fan tutte”
  • “Zeffiretti lusinghieri” from “Idomeneo”
  • A. Adams “Ah! vous dirai-je, maman” from 12 Variation KV265 

(Momo Kodama)


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Saturday, April 22rd – 20:00 : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Quatuor Chaos

Quatuor Chaos
Susanne Schäffer, violin
Eszter Kruchió, violin
Sara Marzadori, alto
Bas Jongen, cello

  • Beethoven op 18 no.2 in g major
  • Beethoven Grosse Fuge op 133.
  • Beethoven op 130 in in b major


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Sunday, April 23rd – 16:30 : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Trio Owon

Trio Owon
Olivier Charlier, violin
Sung-Won Yang, cello
Emmanuel Strosser, piano


  • Trio en si bémol majeur op. 99
  • Notturno pour trio avec Piano en mi bémol majeur D. 897
  • Trio en mi bémol majeur op. 100


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Thursday, April 21st, 20h : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
Full Solo “Improvisations sur Beethoven”

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Friday, april 22th, 20h : La Lanterne Magique, Beaune
“The crossed paths”

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All Schubert program

Quatuor Modigliani

  • Quartet No. 12 in C minor D. 703
  • Quartet No. 9 in G minor D. 173


  • Quatuor No. 14 in D minor D. 810 “The maiden and the death”

« Le Quatuor Modigliani fait partie à l’évidence de la cour des grands. » Le Monde

> Lire la suite